During the periodontal exam, we will evaluate the condition of your gum and bone to see if any disease is present. In other words, we are examining the “foundation of your teeth”. Bacteria and plaque can cause your gums to be inflamed, red, swollen causing them to bleed, become sensitive. This stage is known as gingivitis. As the problems worsen, the pockets between your teeth and gum starts to get deeper, you experience bone loss and recession of the gum line. Adverse consequences involves gaps between the roots of your teeth, mobile or loss of your teeth. You may not feel any pain when you have gum disease. Early treatment will prevent you from undergoing complex expensive procedures in the future.